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When a gas is subjected to heat, its behaviour can be described by pressure (P), volume (V), temperature (T) and the number of moles (n) of the gases. These four variables or parameters are used to describe the state of a given mass of a gas.  Firstly in this topic, we shall discuss the relationship between the temperature, pressure and volume of a gas and thereafter examine the behaviour of gases using these parameters to deduce the various gas laws.


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This topic introduces the measurement of heat.  Some of the major concepts crucial to the measurement of heat which will be discussed here are: heat capacity, specific heat capacity, method of mixture, specific latent heat of fusion and vapourization.  In addition, you will also learn about the three basic effects of heat - expansion, change in temperature and change in state, and how they are associated with the measurement of heat. The word heat is sometimes used to refer to the process by which energy is transferred between objects because of a difference in their temperatures.


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This topic introduces a fundamental quantity called temperature. It is important in the study of heat energy or thermodynamics.   Temperature is different from heat.  Heat is a form of energy as a result of temperature difference while temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance.  Hereafter, the concept of temperature shall be discussed using thermal equilibrium and the zeroth law of thermodynamic.  Thereafter, temperature measurement using various temperature scales and the types of thermometer would be explained.


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Mendelian inheritance was proposed by Gregor Mendel (1822-1884). It is a type of inheritance which involves the passing of discrete units of inheritance or genes from parents to offspring.


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SN

             Syllabus Content

Teaching   Duration 

       Objectives (To know)

1.       

Introduction to International Trade, Balance of Payments and Adjustments

1 week

The theories of IT and balance of payments.

2.       

Foreign Exchange Market and its Efficiency

1 week

Foreign exch.  management, basic forms and documentation.

3.       

Exchange Rates Calculations-spot and forward exchange rates; factors that affect it

2 weeks

Details of exchange rates and business quotations.

4.       

INCOTERMS

1 week

Important terms that are quoted for international trade.

5.       

Shipping Documents

1 week

Commercial invoice, insurance, bills of lading etc.

6.       

Methods of Payment

2 weeks

Payment in advance, Open account, Collections and Letters of Credit.

7.       

Methods of Trade Settlement

1 week

Nostro/Vostro accounts and related matters.

     8.

Financial Support to Exporters

1 week

Credit facilities in various forms available to the exporter.

     9.

Financial Support to Importers

1 week

Credit facilities available to importers.

   10.

Outline of Regional Integration

1 week

Why countries integrate. ECOWAS and others.

   11.

International Liquidity

1 week

International capital market, Eurodollar etc.

   12.

Revision

1 week

 


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Culture media are food substances required by microorganisms for growth. The food substances contain micronutrients which support microbial growth and subsequent proliferation. Culture media preparations varies from one to another. However, their formulation when constituted should be very close to almost exactly the same as utilized by microorganisms in their natural or native environment. Culture media is very important starting point as far as the study of microorganisms is concerned.


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Plasmodium is an important protozoan parasite inhabiting the blood of human.It is a unicellular organism that causes one of the widespread diseases of man known as malaria.There are more than 100 known species of Plasmodium which infect many animal species including reptiles, birds, and mammals.


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If there are no rules, even the dullest person will operate computer, invent and lead. the lecture allows student to be able to observe cerntain rules in computer application and software management, especially, statistical application.


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Definition of production: is the process where firm combine various factor input to produce value for consumption. The process ends when it creates value for the final consumer. It is an act of creating output that can be a good or service which add utility value to economic unit. Production process creates what I known as economic wellbeing.

Economic wellbeing: it means economic activities that aim directly or indirectly to satisfy human wants and needs. The degrees at which means are satisfied is relative.


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Petroleum also know rock oil is a yellow - to - black naturally occurring liquid which is a mixture of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and various heterocyclics. It includes oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur containing compounds. The aliphatic ones include methane, ethane, propane and butane besides longer chain and non-gaseous ones. Petroleum hydrocarbon is a natural resource that has been of immense benefit to man in a lot of ways. It is a major source of power at homes, in automobiles and Industries. They are feed stocks of the petrochemical and allied Industries. Products from these industries include: cosmetics, paints, inks, drugs, fertilizers, electronic casings, among others.


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Not all reactions of a biochemical pathway are spontaneous. Biochemical energy coupling is the way forward if all relevant biochemical reactions must proceed. Energy from thermodynamically favourable processes drive enrgy requiring reactions.


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In this topic we are dealing with the fundamental problems of philosophy. We are not to say that the critical discipline of philosophy is limited only to these problems.  Herein mentioned, are the age-long problems in philosophy.


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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an important method in molecular biology with application in medicine and diagnostics, forensics, DNA fingerprinting etc.


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Advances in molecular biology have seen the development of various deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing techniques such as  Next - Generation Sequencing that employs a number of different modern DNA sequencing technologies. The human genome as well as the genome of several other organisms have now been completely sequenced.


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