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             Syllabus Content

Teaching   Duration 

       Objectives (To know)


Introduction to International Trade, Balance of Payments and Adjustments

1 week

The theories of IT and balance of payments.


Foreign Exchange Market and its Efficiency

1 week

Foreign exch.  management, basic forms and documentation.


Exchange Rates Calculations-spot and forward exchange rates; factors that affect it

2 weeks

Details of exchange rates and business quotations.



1 week

Important terms that are quoted for international trade.


Shipping Documents

1 week

Commercial invoice, insurance, bills of lading etc.


Methods of Payment

2 weeks

Payment in advance, Open account, Collections and Letters of Credit.


Methods of Trade Settlement

1 week

Nostro/Vostro accounts and related matters.


Financial Support to Exporters

1 week

Credit facilities in various forms available to the exporter.


Financial Support to Importers

1 week

Credit facilities available to importers.


Outline of Regional Integration

1 week

Why countries integrate. ECOWAS and others.


International Liquidity

1 week

International capital market, Eurodollar etc.



1 week


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Culture media are food substances required by microorganisms for growth. The food substances contain micronutrients which support microbial growth and subsequent proliferation. Culture media preparations varies from one to another. However, their formulation when constituted should be very close to almost exactly the same as utilized by microorganisms in their natural or native environment. Culture media is very important starting point as far as the study of microorganisms is concerned.

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Plasmodium is an important protozoan parasite inhabiting the blood of human.It is a unicellular organism that causes one of the widespread diseases of man known as malaria.There are more than 100 known species of Plasmodium which infect many animal species including reptiles, birds, and mammals.

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If there are no rules, even the dullest person will operate computer, invent and lead. the lecture allows student to be able to observe cerntain rules in computer application and software management, especially, statistical application.

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Definition of production: is the process where firm combine various factor input to produce value for consumption. The process ends when it creates value for the final consumer. It is an act of creating output that can be a good or service which add utility value to economic unit. Production process creates what I known as economic wellbeing.

Economic wellbeing: it means economic activities that aim directly or indirectly to satisfy human wants and needs. The degrees at which means are satisfied is relative.

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Petroleum also know rock oil is a yellow - to - black naturally occurring liquid which is a mixture of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and various heterocyclics. It includes oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur containing compounds. The aliphatic ones include methane, ethane, propane and butane besides longer chain and non-gaseous ones. Petroleum hydrocarbon is a natural resource that has been of immense benefit to man in a lot of ways. It is a major source of power at homes, in automobiles and Industries. They are feed stocks of the petrochemical and allied Industries. Products from these industries include: cosmetics, paints, inks, drugs, fertilizers, electronic casings, among others.

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Not all reactions of a biochemical pathway are spontaneous. Biochemical energy coupling is the way forward if all relevant biochemical reactions must proceed. Energy from thermodynamically favourable processes drive enrgy requiring reactions.

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In this topic we are dealing with the fundamental problems of philosophy. We are not to say that the critical discipline of philosophy is limited only to these problems.  Herein mentioned, are the age-long problems in philosophy.

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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an important method in molecular biology with application in medicine and diagnostics, forensics, DNA fingerprinting etc.

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Advances in molecular biology have seen the development of various deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing techniques such as  Next - Generation Sequencing that employs a number of different modern DNA sequencing technologies. The human genome as well as the genome of several other organisms have now been completely sequenced.

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GST 113, Use of library, study skills and Information Communication Technology (ICT) is a course designed to intimate new entrants into Samuel Adegboyega University with the operations of the University Library.

The course is intended to expose the students to the proper use of the Library to help them maximize the resources in the library, it also involves the acquisition of study skills and the knowledge of ICT to enhance reading and knowledge acquisition.

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Advanced Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis is a required course in Chemistry. It covers the rate of changes in the concentration of reactants or products with time and the elucidation of their mechanism using collision, absolute rate theories and chain reactions. It also involves processes at the surface and factors affecting them.

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Reaction rate is the change in the concentration of a reactant or product with time. Reaction rate is obtained experimentally, to determine the rate of a reaction; the concentration of the reactant or product is monitored as a function of time. In chemical reactions, emphasis is placed more on speeding up the rate of reaction more than the maximum yield. Knowledge of reaction rate is useful in drug design, pollution control and food processing. There are two basic theories of reaction rates:

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NWICO, an abbreviation for New World Information and Communication Order is traced to the beginning of flag independence obtained in the 1940s- 1970s by some countries in Africa and Latin America. Shortly after independence, the third world countries started agitating for economic equality (New International Economic Order) at a meeting held in Algeria in 1973. In 1976, these Non-Aligned nations also met in Colombia where they abandoned NIEO and developed New International Information Order (NIIO). But what could be the reasons for the agitation?

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Course Outline




At the end of the lecture, the students should understand:



(a)  Origin and functions of money

(b) Types of Money

(c)  Money characteristics  and the       classical quantity, Keynesian and   monetarist theories

i.    The evolution of money

ii.   The characteristics of money

iii   Types of Money

iv.  The theories of money

-      Classical quantity theory

-      Keynesian theory

-      Monetarist theory


The Financial Markets

 (a)  The structure of the financial         markets

(b)  Money market instruments 

i.    An outline of the money and capital markets

ii.   Money market instruments

iii.  Participants in the money market


Types of Banks and Functions 1

(a)  Evolution of banking in Nigeria

(b)  Central Bank:  Powers and functions

(c)  Commercial banks:  Functions and how they create money

i.    Evolution of banking in Nigeria

ii.   The various types of banks and functions

iii.  The CBN:  Powers and functions

iv.   The role of commercial banks in the Nigerian economy

v.    How banks create money

vi.   Limitations to create money


Types of Banks and Functions 11

(a)  Merchant banks: Powers & functions

        -  Relationship with the commercial 


(b)  Development banks

(c)  Microfinance banks

i.     What merchant banks are

ii.    Functions of merchant banks

iii.   Differences and relationship with commercial banks

iv.   What development banks are and functions

v.    Importance of microfinance banks


Bureau de change

The role of bureau de change


The Nigeria Capital  Market

(a)  Definition

(b)  Instruments traded

(c)  Relationship with the money market

(d)  Participants

(e)  Regulation

i.    The place of the capital market

ii.   Instruments traded in the capital market

iii.  Relationship with the  money market

iv.  The participants in the capital market

v.   Securities and Exchange Commission





The Stock Market

(a)  Functions

(b)  Daily listing

Financing Business:  Sources of Finance

(a)  Short- term

(b)  Medium term

(c)  Long term

i.    Functions of the stock market

ii.   Daily listing of stock


Sources of business finance from overnight to long-term




Business Firms and Objectives 1

(a)  Sole proprietorship

(b)  Partnerships

i.    Sole proprietorship and partnerships

ii.   Differences between the two

10 & 11

Business Firms and Objectives 11

(a)  Limited liability companies

(b)  Differences between companies

The uniqueness of companies and features


Revision of money, theories of money and the money market



Revision of the capital market and sources of finance



Revision of business firms and objectives





Money is anything generally accepted within a given community and printed by Central Bank of Nigeria for the purpose of making payments and discharging obligations.


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