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The number of predatory or fake journals in the world is rising geometrically. Recent survey by some libraries in the United States puts the figure at about two thousand. Most of these fake journals are in Arts and social sciences. A closer look at the articles published by these journals reveals that most of their contributors are from Asia, Africa and Latin America. This suggests that these journals may be targeted at scholars in developing countries who are either frightened by the ‘publish or perish syndrome’, or are ignorant of fake journals. This study was therefore initiated to investigate the awareness and knowledge levels of Nigerian scholars on the rampaging presence of these journals and why they still publish in them. In conducting this study, the researchers used content analysis and survey research methods to generate quantitative and qualitative data from 384 lecturers in Nigerian universities. Findings suggest that most scholars in Nigeria are ignorant of these journals. It was also found that over 70 percent did not know how to identify a fake journal. However, 21 percent of the respondents were aware of these predatory journals but chose to publish in them to get promotion in their respective universities. Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that there is need to educate scholars in developing countries about these fake journals.

 


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