Many observers of the Nigerian state and its politics blames the country's failure to actualizing its potentials on the doorstep of the country's diverse ethnic competing groups that is yet to integrate into a unified people with a national consciousness aiming towards a deliberate crafted agenda with specific identified national interest. The paper exposes through its theoretical framework (dialectism) that the expression of ethnicity and national integration necessary produces dialectical relationship that is diametrically opposite. The making of Nigeria through the British colonial administration utilized the native authority institution to nominate and propagate ethnicity, leading to weakness in penetrating and integrating society to cause national integration. Ethnic associations evolved into political parties in colonial and postcolonial administrations, entrenched ethnicity and prevented national integration to cause development. As evidence by the series of intensify unending conflicts till date, the Nigerian state is manifesting weakness in its substructure (economy), since the social relations of production are affected by the manipulations of the ethnic groups. To achieve the desire development, a deliberate focus on the economy to produce surplus for the citizenry will naturally delink the effect of ethnicity since ethnicity thrives on scarcity.
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