open educational resources | Samuel Adegboyega University

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Information literacy skills are indispensable skill every secondary school student must
possess not only to succeed in their present academic endeavours but to become a lifelong
learner. Giving every student equal right to learning resources in the schools is also pivotal
to their academic achievement. This study investigated the information literacy skills and
equitable access to learning resources in selected secondary schools in Ilesa City. 240
respondents were selected from eight schools in the two Local Government Councils in the
city. The data were analysed using SPSS. It was discovered that even though there are school
libraries and school librarians in the schools the idea the students have about information
literacy skills is more of theory than practical, as the students are deficient in reading skills
which is an integral part of information literacy skills. The study also established that there
are barriers to equitable access to learning resources in the secondary schools. The study
concluded that there is a need to train and retrain teacher-librarians so that they will be
better positioned to teach information literacy skills in a practical way that will make the
acquisition of the skills realistic for the students. The Government, school owners and other
stakeholders should see to the possibility of every student having equitable access to all the
learning resources in the schools without any restrictions.


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Abstract
Studies have shown inadequate reading materials for the visually impaired in Nigeria. Information technology
has greatly advanced the provision of information to the visually impaired in other industrialized climes. This
study investigated the extent of application of information technology to the transcription of reading materials
for the visually impaired in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design of the ex-post facto to select 470
personnel as respondents. A questionnaire titled Information Technology Use Scale (α=0.74), and Interview
Schedule (α=0.75), were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment
Correlation. The findings indicate that information technology in transcription was low and a significant positive
relationship between application of information technology and transcription of information materials (r=0.62:
p<0.05). The study recommended among others that Multi-National Corporations should be sensitized to extend
their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities to help in procuring modern information technology
devices and software to enhance transcription.


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Abstract

Medical Information resources are useless when access is not provided. This fundamental function is within the
concept of cataloguing and classification. Thus, cataloguing and classification is an essential process that provides access
to all acquired information resources of the medical libraries for it allows librarians to gives details bibliographic
description, subject analysis and assignment of classification notation to medical information resources. This paper
focuses of the effects of the major three bibliographic and information retrieval tools and techniques used for medical
information organization.
These Tools Are: Library of congress classification scheme (NLC), National library of Medicine classification
scheme (NLMC) and Dewey decimal classification scheme (DDC).


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ABSTRACT

The global impetus and preference for automation of records management systems arising from propensity for greater efficiency and preservation imperatives has sustained the digitization of records from creation, retention, archival to disposal. The paper examined the admissibility of digital records  as evidence in Nigerian courts. It noted that the Nigerian Evidence Act has not been reviewed for over sixty years hence it 1slarge/} deficient m accommodating technological developments compared to its counterparts m advanced nations. The rewrite laws place highest premium on primary evidence as exemplified by original documents and regard digital records as surrogate and secondary evidence hence not admissible . The courts can only be persuaded to recognize third party authenticated versions. It is recommended inter alia that records of legal value should be notarized before digitization.


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Abstract

Libraries and information centres are defined by their collections, services and audiences. Academic libraries exist to support their parent institutions in teaching, research, study and community services. The justification for rigorous and complex organization of library materials is the satisfaction of the users. Despite past efforts at achieving this, recent studies indicate users' dissatisfaction. This paper examined past efforts at meeting users' needs, identified existing complaints and suggested strategies for intervention such as full computerization, closed access shelves, internet connectivity, electronic cataloguing, and pragmatic user education among others. It also recommended linkages and collaboration with multinational corporations as an option of generating extra fund and endowments to augment their statutory subventions. A ranking system by Nigerian Library Association and National Library of Nigeria based on academic libraries' automation and collection status was also recommended.


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Abstract

Book piracyisanillegalandillegitimatereproduction of otherpeople's intellectualpropertyforeconomicreasons
without prior consent or authorization. This paper examines the intricate dimension of book piracy in the
Nigerian Publishing Industry. It notes the dangers the trend portends to qualitative education and scholarship
in general. The paper identifies the different forms of book piracy as: local reproduction of fast moving titles
using newsprint or poor textured paper, abuse of publication rights, hi-tech reproduction overseas, circumventing
the e-book version, illegal reprography, unauthorized excessive production by printers, and translation without permission.
Some of the causes of book piracy are poverty, book scarcity, ignorance of the copyright laws by the public
and the uncooperative attitude of some countries in endorsing international treaties on intellectual property rights.
The paper recommends the following as panacea to stemming the tide of the menace: cost reduction strategies,
national book policy and commissioning of local authorship, awareness and enforcement of copyright laws, revitalization
of libraries, sanctions on countries showing complacency towards piracy, special algorithms to detect illegal
downloads, security printing devices and moral suasion.


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In the last few years, failure in secondary schools certificate examination has become a recurring incidence in Nigeria. This scenario can be traced to aliteracy which is the ability to read but choosing not to do so. The governments at various levels, the parents,
teachers, school librarians and indeed the students all have roles in putting an end to this menace. This paper seek to identify aliteracy among Nigerian students, examine the roles of school libraries and school librarians, teachers and other stakeholders in the joint task
of reducing to the barest minimum and indeed putting an end to aliteracy and the consequent failure among the secondary schools in Nigeria.


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Abstract
Lassa fever, a zoonotic disease, endemic in parts of Nigeria, is caused by the Lassa virus. It is a haemorrhagic fever, caused by the Lassa virus. The animal host is Mastomynatalensis. This paper presents a state of knowledge report through literature search, newspaper report and oral communication. The virus is fairly easily transmitted from human to human. The symptoms are varied and non-specific, making clinical diagnosis of the disease difficult in the early stages. The fever was first reported in Nigeria in 1969 in Bornu State. Up to date, it has been clinically confirmed in 21 states.
Nigerians especially in rural areas are oblivious of the disease and there are only two hospitals in the country with the capacity to screen the blood for Lassa virus. The best strategy for control of the emerging disease is prevention through an intensive awareness
campaign and libraries all over Nigeria has a role to play in the control and reduction of cases of the disease.


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Abstract


The paper examined the ubiquitous nature of digital institutional repositories and their concomitant capabilities.
It specifically show-cased the robust process and technical details involved in the development and sustenance
of Covenant University Institutional Repository which has consistently ranked number one repository in Nigeria
based on webometric rankings. Relying on Strajda Process Management model, Covenant University adopted
two open source software- Dspace and E-print based on adjudged robustness of the metadata, relative easy to
setup as well as amenable to customization. The paper recommended among others, the sensitization of
researchers on the dangers of ceding copyright to Journal publishers as the practice divests them of inherent
rights and may preclude deposition of their works on the Institutional repository thereby undermining growth of
content and visibility of research outputs. It further recommended backup systems that forestall intrusion and
mitigate effect of potential disasters on sustainability of Institutional Repository.


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Abstract

Information and Communication Technology has revolutionized library and information services delivery across the globe. The paper examines the Covenant University experience  as a model to encourage libraries in developing economies that leveraging with international standards and benchmarks as well as best practices is possible. The superiority of ICT-based library over its manual counterpart is highlighted. This includes: easy integration of various activities, increase in the range of services offered, provision of round-the-clock access to users, etc. The paper discusses inhibiting factors to running a hi-tech library in Africa and draws heavily from the Covenant University context to underscore basic infrastructures, skills, values and technological capabilities that are irreducible imperatives and prerequisites for efficient as well as effective running and maintenance of an ICT-based library. It concludes by admonishing that African libraries must not be left behind in this era of flat world and universal as well as unfettered access to global information. The panacea to intellectual i11equity and lopsidedness between the developed and developing world is the application of ICT in information management and dissemination.


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Abstract

The Nigerian women represent a powerful, creative and credible force that must be empowered to contribute to the constitutional development of the nation. Their involvement would be tantamount to catalyzing and releasing dormant but rich potentials to the benefit of all. The paper examines information as a veritable resource for capacity building necessary for principled participation in any polity. It concludes that awareness. Confidence and participation of women in constitutional development of a country are a junction of information at their disposal.


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Abstract
Purpose: The paper examines the issue of accreditation, types, status and ethical
considerations in Library and Information Science, with reference to other
professions as a model to adopt.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper began by defining the concept of
accreditation, objectives and types. It went further to discuss issues and status of
accreditation with disciplines in Nigeria, Lessons from other disciplines in
connection with there professional standards. It finally enjoined the Nigeria Library
Association (NLA) and Librarian Registration Council of Nigeria (LRCN) to borrow
a leaf from other developed countries to help ensure standards in the profession.
Findings: from the paper accreditation is said to be a process by which institutions
or programmes continuously update their educational standard through evaluation
programme and institutional accreditation are the two types we have, some of the
objectives of accreditation are: to stimulate and integrate the efforts of institutions to
evaluate the standards of education; to strengthen the capabilities of the educational
institutions for service to the nation; and to identify educational institutions that
meets stated criteria for academic quality. In Nigeria, the National University
Commission (NUC) is responsible for the accreditation of Library and Information
Science (LIS) Schools, unlike in United Kingdom (UK) United State of America
(USA) and Australia where professional bodies are chiefly responsible for the
accreditation of LIS Schools. Other professional bodies in Nigeria like Nigeria
Institution of Architecture, the Council of Legal Education, the Medical and Dental
Council of Nigeria and Chartered Accountants of Nigeria participate actively in the
accreditation of their professions. It is therefore suggested that NLA and LRCN
should live up to their responsibility by participating in the accreditation exercise of
LIS Schools, provide parameter for recognition of the degrees and empower
librarians and LIS Schools with adequate skills and competence to compete globally.
Practical Implication: The NUC should incorporate NLA and LRCN to implement
the stipulated standards for accreditation of LIS Schools.
Originality: Its originality is in the writers’ analysis of accreditation issues in LIS
Schools in Nigerian Universities, as against what is done in some other countries
vis-à-vis other professions NLA, LIS School, NUC and LRCN have much lessons
and information to gain from the work.


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Abstract

Reading is one of life's greatest pleasures, and opens the door to culture, knowledge and independence.· It can be very therapeutic. This study examines the effect of bibliotherapy on aging. phobia among Covenant University academic and senior staff The result. Shows that reading of books has influenced positively their perception. and attitude towards aging. And that books especially, the bible, internet and friends are major sources of information to ameliorate any fear of aging.


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ABSTRACT

The paper examines the information literacy function of libraries as an indispensable catalyst in educational and national development. It also discusses specific and concrete ways in which libraries facilitate such development through the skills inculcated into users. Realities and peculiarities of library services in developing countries were reviewed. It concludes that since only enlightened, creative and skilled workforce can translate to development, adequate  investment in libraries becomes a sine-qua-non.


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Abstract

The paper considers the widespread recognition that learning is not merely confined to the different stages that are associated with the early periods of life but rather spans through life. It emphasizes the importance of the library to adult education, noting that the quality and credibility of adult education as well as lifelong learning opportunities in a country is determined by the robustness of library services available in that country. The paper further highlights the point that public libraries in Nigeria are severely flawed as agencies of education and social development as they virtually non-existed in the rural and urban marginal areas. Even in the few urban centres where they exist, their services are undermined by poor funding and obsolete as well as inadequate stocks. The paper thus notes that this has great repercussion for adult learning in the country since a quality library service is pivotal to any meaningful adult education and lifelong learning programs.  It concludes that in order to be effective and act as a catalyst to quality education, especially for adult learners, the public library must evolve to mirror vitality of good library service and sustain the interest of its users.

 


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