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Nigeria’s neo-liberal reform and privatization programme of State Owned Enterprises promoted toward industrialization failed because they were prematurely privatized under a dysfunctional state and controlled by extractive political institution whose agenda is to secure rent. Public firm is a product that must evolve through the Product life cycle stages and can only be privatized at maturity stage where the firm has outgrown threats from market externalities. The objective of this study is to establish the high failure pattern associated within the product life cycle timeframe template that cut across privatized firms in Nigeria, using DSC as a case study. The study adopted Focus Group Study as methodology and Institutionalist Political Economy (IPE) serves as theoretical framework to justify state- market relationship captured in developmental crisis. Successful privatization requires building strong political and bureaucratic (regulatory) institutions that are democratic, inclusive, observe corporate governance (rule of law), accountable and responsible.t


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Nigeria’s failure to develop is captured in its inability to either naturally or rationally select a state adaptation model that is in alignment with its structure, strategy and process. Given Nigeria’s federal disposition, adopting an over-centralized federal structure consequently produced a single resource economy, resources scarcity, elite resource competition, rent and decay. To pursue development as captured in the Vision 202020, Nigeria must reconfigure its state adaptation model to give critical concern to complexities of variables and institutions that organically and evolutionary drives this process. The paper included conceptualization of issues, constructed state adaptation model and S-BEP analytical framework for reversing rent and releasing resources for development. It acquired the theory of cooperativity and organizational design for explaining the inevitable cooperative interactions of institutions necessary to align Nigeria’s federalism to decentralization(structure), diversification(strategy) and devolution-decision-making(process) (3D) in a democracy to create efficient bureaucracy, robust complementary economy and consolidated democracy respectively. Empirical evidence in Nigeria was deployed to demonstrate the scientific viability and reliability of the model and analytical framework constructed for this research.


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Surprisingly the gap between the left and the right is about to close as there is consensus about the coming anarchy spiraling paradoxically from the weakest link of global capitalism- Africa. The cause of the coming anarchy varies between left and right: for rightist, champion by Kaplan and Fukuyama whose works intensify these arguments, state failure expressed in political decay will degenerate into rent governance from depleting resources and exploding population in Africa, leading to resources competition, crisis and anarchy. For the left, the coming anarchy though came from state failure but organically originated from unequal relations intensified by unfettered capitalism expressed through the shock doctrine. The outcome of the coming anarchy is disaster capitalism outraged to consume global capitalism through the instrument of creative destruction. Africa is currently face with two alternative policy option: hibernation or rebootism. The paper recommended rebootism with six policy outlines to reverse the coming anarchy and reconstruct Africa's evolution to maturity or development.


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Abstract
Transformation has been likened to growth and uplift-ment. Transformation is also a long term plan for stimulating economic and community growth in a society onto a path of sustained and rapid development. Sustained development in a community is a call for all individual in the community to stand firmly on the path of sustainable growth, designed to reflect accurately the collective interests of the people of the community. The infrastructural development of any community is anchored on the determination of the people to mobilize and call on relevant agencies to improve the lives of its people, through the provision of social amenities and to respond appropriately to the growing challenges of an increasingly smaller, mutually dependent, and interconnected society. This paper seeks to promote infrastructural developmental effort within the context of the objective set out for a proper community transformation and its imperative for community participation in the provision of social amenities. The paper looked at the transformation of any community from the bottom-up approach. The paper submits that without adequate response from governmental agencies, transformation of any community would be a mirage.


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ABSTRACT
There is a growing consensus that terrorism/terrorist activities have taken root in the northern part of Nigeria. The incessant bombings, maiming and sporadic killings of innocent lives, perpetrated by a religious sect Boko Haram–(which means western education is evil) has put the security agencies in a precarious situation. Religious differences in the world have often been used for ―stereotyping and demolishing opponents,‖ which has provided a ―legitimate framework for violence that would otherwise be considered unacceptable‖. Recent occurrence in northern Nigeria clearly shows that the state of insecurity in the north has assumed a frightening dimension, as the ideology of the Muslim fanatics is set to Islamize the north. This paper seeks to evaluate the challenges faced by Nigeria internal security agencies against the sect and the continued hostility against Christians in the north. The question often asked is ―is holy war or Jihad imminent in Nigeria‖? A brief historical trajectory in a tabulated form was cited as a way of narrating and describing the situation. While it may be posited that insecurity is a global problem, what looks rather strange in the Nigeria situation is the seeming inability of the government to tackle the challenges head-long. The paper submits that there is an ample need to reposition internal security in Nigeria and Africa in general, taking into cognizance the need for effective policing of the nations‘ borders. It also advocated for administrative policies; with regards to Nigerian immigration laws, to curb illegal entry.


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