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Mendelian inheritance was proposed by Gregor Mendel (1822-1884). It is a type of inheritance which involves the passing of discrete units of inheritance or genes from parents to offspring.


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Culture media are food substances required by microorganisms for growth. The food substances contain micronutrients which support microbial growth and subsequent proliferation. Culture media preparations varies from one to another. However, their formulation when constituted should be very close to almost exactly the same as utilized by microorganisms in their natural or native environment. Culture media is very important starting point as far as the study of microorganisms is concerned.


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Plasmodium is an important protozoan parasite inhabiting the blood of human.It is a unicellular organism that causes one of the widespread diseases of man known as malaria.There are more than 100 known species of Plasmodium which infect many animal species including reptiles, birds, and mammals.


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Petroleum also know rock oil is a yellow - to - black naturally occurring liquid which is a mixture of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and various heterocyclics. It includes oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur containing compounds. The aliphatic ones include methane, ethane, propane and butane besides longer chain and non-gaseous ones. Petroleum hydrocarbon is a natural resource that has been of immense benefit to man in a lot of ways. It is a major source of power at homes, in automobiles and Industries. They are feed stocks of the petrochemical and allied Industries. Products from these industries include: cosmetics, paints, inks, drugs, fertilizers, electronic casings, among others.


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Industrial microbiology is a broad area that deals with all forms of microbiology which have an
economic effect regardless of whether it involves a fermentation product or some form of
deterioration, disease or waste disposal.
A vast range of important products, many of which were formerly manufactured by chemical
processes, are now most economically produced by microbial fermentation and biotransformation
processes. Microorganisms have proved to be particularly useful because of
(i) the ease of their mass cultivation,
(ii) speed at which they grow,
(iii) use of cheap substrates that in many cases are wastes,
(iv) their ability to readily undergo genetic manipulation
(iv) and the diversity of potential products.


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