open educational resources | Samuel Adegboyega University

Creative Commons License


Back to Home

Definition of production: is the process where firm combine various factor input to produce value for consumption. The process ends when it creates value for the final consumer. It is an act of creating output that can be a good or service which add utility value to economic unit. Production process creates what I known as economic wellbeing.

Economic wellbeing: it means economic activities that aim directly or indirectly to satisfy human wants and needs. The degrees at which means are satisfied is relative.

Download Staff Profile

Petroleum also know rock oil is a yellow - to - black naturally occurring liquid which is a mixture of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and various heterocyclics. It includes oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur containing compounds. The aliphatic ones include methane, ethane, propane and butane besides longer chain and non-gaseous ones. Petroleum hydrocarbon is a natural resource that has been of immense benefit to man in a lot of ways. It is a major source of power at homes, in automobiles and Industries. They are feed stocks of the petrochemical and allied Industries. Products from these industries include: cosmetics, paints, inks, drugs, fertilizers, electronic casings, among others.

Download Staff Profile

Not all reactions of a biochemical pathway are spontaneous. Biochemical energy coupling is the way forward if all relevant biochemical reactions must proceed. Energy from thermodynamically favourable processes drive enrgy requiring reactions.

Download Staff Profile

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an important method in molecular biology with application in medicine and diagnostics, forensics, DNA fingerprinting etc.

Download Staff Profile

Advances in molecular biology have seen the development of various deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing techniques such as  Next - Generation Sequencing that employs a number of different modern DNA sequencing technologies. The human genome as well as the genome of several other organisms have now been completely sequenced.

Download Staff Profile

GST 113, Use of library, study skills and Information Communication Technology (ICT) is a course designed to intimate new entrants into Samuel Adegboyega University with the operations of the University Library.

The course is intended to expose the students to the proper use of the Library to help them maximize the resources in the library, it also involves the acquisition of study skills and the knowledge of ICT to enhance reading and knowledge acquisition.

Download Staff Profile

Advanced Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis is a required course in Chemistry. It covers the rate of changes in the concentration of reactants or products with time and the elucidation of their mechanism using collision, absolute rate theories and chain reactions. It also involves processes at the surface and factors affecting them.

Download Staff Profile

Reaction rate is the change in the concentration of a reactant or product with time. Reaction rate is obtained experimentally, to determine the rate of a reaction; the concentration of the reactant or product is monitored as a function of time. In chemical reactions, emphasis is placed more on speeding up the rate of reaction more than the maximum yield. Knowledge of reaction rate is useful in drug design, pollution control and food processing. There are two basic theories of reaction rates:

Download Staff Profile

NWICO, an abbreviation for New World Information and Communication Order is traced to the beginning of flag independence obtained in the 1940s- 1970s by some countries in Africa and Latin America. Shortly after independence, the third world countries started agitating for economic equality (New International Economic Order) at a meeting held in Algeria in 1973. In 1976, these Non-Aligned nations also met in Colombia where they abandoned NIEO and developed New International Information Order (NIIO). But what could be the reasons for the agitation?

Download Staff Profile

Course Outline




At the end of the lecture, the students should understand:



(a)  Origin and functions of money

(b) Types of Money

(c)  Money characteristics  and the       classical quantity, Keynesian and   monetarist theories

i.    The evolution of money

ii.   The characteristics of money

iii   Types of Money

iv.  The theories of money

-      Classical quantity theory

-      Keynesian theory

-      Monetarist theory


The Financial Markets

 (a)  The structure of the financial         markets

(b)  Money market instruments 

i.    An outline of the money and capital markets

ii.   Money market instruments

iii.  Participants in the money market


Types of Banks and Functions 1

(a)  Evolution of banking in Nigeria

(b)  Central Bank:  Powers and functions

(c)  Commercial banks:  Functions and how they create money

i.    Evolution of banking in Nigeria

ii.   The various types of banks and functions

iii.  The CBN:  Powers and functions

iv.   The role of commercial banks in the Nigerian economy

v.    How banks create money

vi.   Limitations to create money


Types of Banks and Functions 11

(a)  Merchant banks: Powers & functions

        -  Relationship with the commercial 


(b)  Development banks

(c)  Microfinance banks

i.     What merchant banks are

ii.    Functions of merchant banks

iii.   Differences and relationship with commercial banks

iv.   What development banks are and functions

v.    Importance of microfinance banks


Bureau de change

The role of bureau de change


The Nigeria Capital  Market

(a)  Definition

(b)  Instruments traded

(c)  Relationship with the money market

(d)  Participants

(e)  Regulation

i.    The place of the capital market

ii.   Instruments traded in the capital market

iii.  Relationship with the  money market

iv.  The participants in the capital market

v.   Securities and Exchange Commission





The Stock Market

(a)  Functions

(b)  Daily listing

Financing Business:  Sources of Finance

(a)  Short- term

(b)  Medium term

(c)  Long term

i.    Functions of the stock market

ii.   Daily listing of stock


Sources of business finance from overnight to long-term




Business Firms and Objectives 1

(a)  Sole proprietorship

(b)  Partnerships

i.    Sole proprietorship and partnerships

ii.   Differences between the two

10 & 11

Business Firms and Objectives 11

(a)  Limited liability companies

(b)  Differences between companies

The uniqueness of companies and features


Revision of money, theories of money and the money market



Revision of the capital market and sources of finance



Revision of business firms and objectives





Money is anything generally accepted within a given community and printed by Central Bank of Nigeria for the purpose of making payments and discharging obligations.


Download Staff Profile

Commercial banks are retail banks because they attend to small-time and big-time savers whether as individuals, unregistered associations or as corporate bodies.

Download Staff Profile

This is ENG 212 course offered by 200 level students. The topic that will be shortly considered here is intonation. At the end of the class students would be exposed to different patterns or tunes of intonation. These patterns will help the students to know when to apply them appropriately in their conversations. Intonation as an odulation or movement of pitch in an utterance is a suprasegmental feature of speech.
Download Staff Profile

This course is studied at both 300 level and 400 level. It is an applied course meant for higher levels. The course exposes students to different ways of analysing data from a linguistic point of view. It also allows students to analyse data without any form of restriction. Data are subjected to linguistic analysis. This is to say that linguistic features that have stylistic effects in a particular data are identified and analysed. In order to carry out a good stylistic analysis of any text, language is crucial most especially functionality and descriptiveness. So, stylistics has to do with how language is used to perform different functions. It describes and interpret linguistic data from an objective perspective.  

Download Staff Profile

 Colour is a constant companion of man. Colour is everywhere and it gives much information about the world in which we live in. From cradle to grave we constantly interact with colour. Generally, colour and colouring compounds have immense importance to both man and animals due to their usefulness. In everyday life, there are both textile and non-textile applications of colour. This first and introductory lesson in this course;” Colour and Textile Chemistry (CHM 316)”, examines among other things colour and its constitution.

Download Staff Profile

Industrial microbiology is a broad area that deals with all forms of microbiology which have an
economic effect regardless of whether it involves a fermentation product or some form of
deterioration, disease or waste disposal.
A vast range of important products, many of which were formerly manufactured by chemical
processes, are now most economically produced by microbial fermentation and biotransformation
processes. Microorganisms have proved to be particularly useful because of
(i) the ease of their mass cultivation,
(ii) speed at which they grow,
(iii) use of cheap substrates that in many cases are wastes,
(iv) their ability to readily undergo genetic manipulation
(iv) and the diversity of potential products.

Download Staff Profile

Network analysis or models are used for project evaluation and are applied to a wide range of management problems in private or public sectors. The models are also used to schedule, organise and coordinate tasks within a project.

The models include;

  1. Project Evaluation Review Technique (PERT)
  2. Critical Path Method (CPM)

The network model was developed in 1950 by the Naval Project Office in the United State. The development was with a view to enable management know the following;

  1. Time of completion of the project
  2. Time the individual part of project is scheduled to start and finish
  3. Which part of the project must finish on time to avoid delay (Critical Path)
  4. The possibility of shifting resources to critical path of project from Non critical path
  5. Where management should concentrate its efforts at any time among other part of the project



Download Staff Profile

Managers are frequently faced with complex decisions that need to be made. These decisions often have great impact on the profitability of the organization as well as the decision maker's career. Therefore, it is essential that the decision maker be given the best information available to aid the process of decision making. Hence, ...

Download Staff Profile

Coordination chemistry is the chemistry of coordination compound which involves the interaction between the transition metals and ligands. It can also consist of complex ion and counter ion.  

The different types of structure in coordination chemistry include the following:

  1. Linear structure
  2. Tetrahedral structure
  3. Square planar structure
  4. Octahedral structure

Download Staff Profile